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Published on MSD Connect: December 2020

Source: North Devon Gazette

People who have been diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) could be at increased risk of adverse outcomes from COVID-19, according to a new study from the University of Warwick.

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Published on MSD Connect: October 2020

Source: Western Mail

PEOPLE with eating disorders could be at risk of suffering longterm consequences from the impacts of the coronavirus pandemic, researchers have warned. The fallout from routines being disrupted in lockdown, a focus on food and exercise which came to dominate the public conversation, and healthcare moving online, could all have lasting effects, academics from Northumbria University in Newcastle said.

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Published on MSD Connect: September 2020

Source: BPS Research Digest

Music and humans go back a very long way. The earliest accepted instruments, made from bones, appeared on the European scene about 40,000 years ago.

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Published on MSD Connect: August 2020

Source: PharmaTimes

NHS England has launched a new drive to put staff wellbeing at the heart of NHS recovery, with measures designed to address new pandemic challenges and improve physical and mental health support for staff.

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Published on MSD Connect: August 2020

Source: PharmaTimes

The Department of Health and Social Care has announced new funding for nursing apprenticeships in England.

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Published on MSD Connect: August 2020

Source: The Guardian

Doctors may be missing signs of serious and potentially fatal brain disorders triggered by coronavirus, as they emerge in mildly affected or recovering patients, scientists have warned.

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Published on MSD Connect: August 2020

Source: Qatar Tribune

Maintaining a hopeful attitude, developing personal resilience, consciously practising self-care, surrounding oneself with optimistic people, and taking part in activities help relieve stress and encourage social engagement with others, said Dr Javaid Sheikh, professor of Psychiatry and dean of Weill Cornell Medicine-Qatar (WCM-Q).

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Published on MSD Connect: August 2020

Source: The Guardian

People who have recovered from Covid-19 may lose their immunity to the disease within months, according to research suggesting the virus could reinfect people year after year, like common colds.

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Published on MSD Connect: July 2020

Source: The Guardian

Cancer is going undiagnosed for approximately 1,900 people a week due to Covid-19 concerns in hospitals and GP surgeries, with a charity warning the UK now faces a “ticking time bomb".

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Published on MSD Connect: July 2020

Source: The Telegraph

New research finds repetitive negative thinking was linked to the deposit of harmful proteins in the brain. Having constant negative thoughts over a long period of time may increase the risk of developing dementia, scientists believe.

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Published on MSD Connect: July 2020

Source: Medgadget

Manufacturing artificial red blood cells may turn out to be significant in treating a number of diseases and conditions. This has been tried in the past by a number of teams, but some important functions were missing in every design.

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Published on MSD Connect: May 2020

PharmaTimes

Researchers have created a mobile phone application, dubbed “QUiPP v2”, that allows doctors to quickly calculate a woman's individual risk of preterm birth and identify women who need special treatments.

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Published on MSD Connect: May 2020

Nicola Davis from The Guardian

Hopes of developing a new treatment for ulcerative colitis have been raised by research suggesting the condition may be linked to low levels of certain bacteria in the gut.

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Published on MSD Connect: April 2020

Nicola Davis from The Guardian

An electronic device that “sniffs” breath may offer a new way to identify people with a condition that can lead to cancer of the oesophagus, researchers have revealed.

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Published on MSD Connect: April 2020

Ian Sample Science editor from The Guardian

A powerful antibiotic that kills some of the most dangerous drug-resistant bacteria in the world has been discovered using artificial intelligence.

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Published on MSD Connect: April 2020

Pa Media from The Guardian

A record number of people are at risk of developing type 2 diabetes, increasing their chances of suffering a heart attack or stroke, the NHS has said. A “growing obesity crisis” has led to nearly 2 million people in England being exposed to the condition that causes the level of sugar in the blood to become too high.

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Published on MSD Connect: April 2020

Hannah Devlin from The Guardian

Early signs of cancer can appear years or even decades before diagnosis, according to the most comprehensive investigation to date of the genetic mutations that cause healthy cells to turn malignant.

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Published on MSD Connect: April 2020

Nicola Davis from The Guardian

Human livers from organ donors can now be preserved for a week, researchers have revealed, a dramatic improvement on previous techniques, which could only keep the organs usable for a matter of hours.

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Published on MSD Connect: March 2020

Tony Aern Shaw from Huddersfield Daily Examiner

Advances in artificial intelligence could be the key to identifying people at risk of suicide.

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Published on MSD Connect: March 2020

Agence France-Presse from The Guardian

Smokers can turn back time in their lungs by kicking the habit, with healthy cells emerging to replace some of their tobacco-damaged and cancer-prone ones, a study shows.

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Published on MSD Connect: March 2020

Denis Campbell Health policy editor from The Guardian

People with glaucoma are going blind because NHS eyesight services have “inadequate capacity” to follow up such patients properly after diagnosis, an investigation has revealed.

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Published on MSD Connect: March 2020

Executive Appointments Worldwide

More than 100,000 patients have had appointments with expert pharmacists in the last 10 weeks, relieving pressure on GPs and A&E departments.

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Published on MSD Connect: February 2020

Lauren Donnelly Health Editor from The Telegraph

Cancer helplines are facing a surge in calls from patients because overstretched NHS doctors and nurses do not have time to care for them, a charity has warned.

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Published on MSD Connect: February 2020

Pa Media from The Guardian

Healthy habits such as drinking in moderation, staying slim and exercising for at least 30 minutes a day could extend people’s disease-free life by up to a decade, research suggests.

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Published on MSD Connect: January 2020

Jemma Crew, Pa Health, 6 November 2019

Mental health patients sent away from home for treatment have travelled the equivalent of 22 times around the world in a year.

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Published on MSD Connect: January 2020

Liz Connor, Carmarthen Journal, 20 November 2019

Get into the habit of trying something new each week. It’s a scenario that many of us are familiar with.

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Published on MSD Connect: January 2020

Jamie Harris, Press Association, 11 November 2019

A “smart needle” has been developed by scientists in the UK which could speed up cancer detection and diagnosis times.

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Published on MSD Connect: December 2019

Rebecca Ratcliffe, The Guardian, 15 November 2019

Researchers have discovered a way to stop rabies from shutting down critical responses in the immune system.

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Published on MSD Connect: November 2019

AFP Relax News, 4 November 2019

An at-home, non-invasive screening for cervical pre-cancer could increase compliance with recommended follow-up tests...

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Published on MSD Connect: November 2019

Nina Massey, Press Association, 5 November 2019

A new wearable bike helmet-style brain scanner system could make scans easier and more reliable in children, researchers say.

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Published on MSD Connect: November 2019

Denis Campbell, The Guardian, 15 October 2019

People could be offered cancer screenings in their lunch breaks in a bid to reverse the alarming fall in those attending appointments, under plans being considered by NHS bosses.

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Published on MSD Connect: November 2019

M2 PressWIRE, 21 October 2019

All NHS doctors and dentists in England now have access to a comprehensive mental health service, Health Secretary Matt Hancock has announced today.

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Published on MSD Connect: October 2019

PR Script Managers, Weston, Worle & Somerset Mercurcy, 3 October 2019

GPs across Weston are being encouraged to reduce their reliance on medications and consider prescribing lifestyle changes.

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Published on MSD Connect: October 2019

AFP Relax News, 25 July 2019

According to a British study, women likely to develop diabetes during their pregnancy can reduce the risk by adopting a diet rich in nuts, fruit and olive oil…

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Published on MSD Connect: August 2019

HIT Consultant, 19 June 2019

A lot of discussion about healthcare AI is vague and visionary in nature. Most of us know that these technologies have a very promising future, but until recently it hasn't been clear just when practical applications will emerge.

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Published on MSD Connect: September 2019

Jemma Crew, Pa Health, 15 August 2019

A new NHS initiative will aim to ensure faster diagnosis for people with brain and nerve conditions...

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Published on MSD Connect: September 2019

Harron Siddique, The Guardian, 11 August 2019

Thousands of people in England at risk of contracting type 2 diabetes will receive wearable tech to help monitor their exercise level, the NHS has said.

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Published on MSD Connect: August 2019

Healthline, 3 July 2019

People under 35 years old are ignoring warnings about sun exposure and skin cancer because they believe tanning makes people more attractive.

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Published on MSD Connect: August 2019

PharmaTimes, 6 June 2019

NHS England has announced that nearly three quarters of a million patients are set to benefit from new world-leading innovations on the...

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Published on MSD Connect: December 2019

Simon Neville, Press Association, 7 July 2019

More than a dozen NHS Trusts are taking the Government to court to argue that they should have an 80% reduction in business rates – the same discount given to private hospitals and fee-paying...

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Published on MSD Connect: August 2019

M2 PressWIRE, 1 July 2019

Screening programmes will be overhauled and diagnosis made faster and more accurate with...

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Published on MSD Connect: August 2019

Letters, The Guardian, 16 July 2019

The NHS Confederation report Chairs and Non-Executive Directors in the NHS did not give a fair picture of what is actually going on in the health service today...

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Published on MSD Connect: August 2019

CEO, Innovaccer Inc & Abhinav Shashank, HIT Consultant, 19 June 2019

The world of healthcare is changing and with it our approach to understanding the concept of patients and doctors, ways of delivering care and building a better relationship between those...

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Published on MSD Connect: December 2019

Manas Mishra, Reuters, 28 June 2019

Family background can matter for the health of diabetic children, according to researchers in...

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Published on MSD Connect: August 2019

Fulcoe, Cleveland Clinic, 13 July 2019

If your patients have diabetes, you know how easy it is for them to injure their feet — without even realising...

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Does sleep apnoea put COVID-19 patients at increased risk of adverse outcomes?

Sree Roy | Published on MSD Connect: December 2020

People who have been diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) could be at increased risk of adverse outcomes from COVID-19, according to a new study from the University of Warwick.1

Woman laying in bed feeling stressed The conclusion is drawn from a systematic review of studies that reported outcomes for COVID-19 patients who were also diagnosed with obstructive sleep apnoea. Published in the journal Sleep Medicine Reviews,1 the review highlights the need to further investigate the impact of the virus on those with the sleep condition and to better identify those currently undiagnosed with it.

Some of the risk factors and comorbidities associated with sleep apnoea, such as diabetes, obesity, and hypertension, are similar to those associated with poor COVID-19 outcomes. However, the researchers wanted to investigate whether being diagnosed with OSA conferred an additional risk on top of those factors.

The systematic review looked at eighteen studies up to June 2020 with regards to obstructive sleep apnoea and COVID-19; of these, eight were mainly related to the risk of death from COVID-19 and ten were related to diagnosis, treatment, and management of sleep apnoea. Although few studies of obstructive sleep apnoea in COVID-19 had been performed at the time, there is evidence to suggest that many patients who presented to intensive care had OSA, and in diabetic patients it may confer an increased risk that is independent of other risk factors. In one large study in patients that had diabetes who were hospitalized for COVID-19, those being treated for OSA were at 2.8 times greater risk of dying on the seventh day after hospital admission.

Researchers believe that in the United Kingdom (UK) up to 85% of OSA is undetected, suggesting that the 1.5 million people in the UK currently diagnosed with the condition may be just the tip of the iceberg. With obesity rates and other related risk factors on the increase, the researchers also believe that rates of obstructive sleep apnoea are also increasing. The review highlights that the pandemic has also had worldwide effects on the ongoing diagnosis, management and treatment of patients with this and other sleep conditions. Moving forward, it may be necessary to explore new diagnosis and treatment pathways for these individuals.

Lead author of the study Michelle Miller, BSc, PhD, MACadMEd, of Warwick Medical School, says in a release, 'Without a clear picture of how many people have obstructive sleep apnoea it is difficult to determine exactly how many people with the condition may have experienced worse outcomes due to COVID-19.

'This condition is greatly underdiagnosed, and we don't know whether undiagnosed sleep apnoea confers an even greater risk or not.

'It is likely that COVID-19 increases oxidative stress and inflammation and has effects on the bradykinin pathways, all of which are also affected in obstructive sleep apnoea patients. When you have individuals in which these mechanisms are already affected, it wouldn't be surprising that COVID-19 affects them more strongly.'

Treatment for OSA with continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been shown to have some beneficial effects on these mechanisms and it is important that treatment is optimized for these individuals. In the UK, the British Sleep Society2 with the OSA Alliance has released guidelines with regards to the use of CPAP during the pandemic.

The researchers feel it is important that those diagnosed with OSA are aware of the potential additional risk and are taking appropriate precautions to reduce their exposure to the virus. Further research is required to determine whether these individuals need to be added to the list of vulnerable groups that may need to shield if transmission of virus increases.

Miller says, 'This is a group of patients that should be more aware that obstructive sleep apnoea could be an additional risk if they get COVID-19. Make sure you are compliant with your treatment and take as many precautions as you can to reduce your risk, such as wearing a mask, social distancing and getting tested as soon as you notice any symptoms. Now more than ever is the time to follow your treatment plan as diligently as possible.

'Hospitals and doctors should also be recording whether their patients have obstructive sleep apnoea as a potential risk factor, and it should be included in studies and outcomes data for COVID-19. We need more data to determine whether this is something we should be more concerned about.'

Reference

  1. Miller MA, Cappuccio FP. A Systematic Review of COVID-19 and Obstructive Sleep Apnoea. Sleep Medicine Reviews, 2020;55:101382.
  2. Roy S. Does Sleep Apnea Put COVID-19 Patients at Increased Risk of Adverse Outcomes? Sleep Review. 2020 Sept.

This article was written by Sree Roy from Sleep Review and was legally licensed through the Industry Dive publisher network. Please direct all licensing questions to legal@industrydive.com.

Minor grammatical and translational editorial changes may have been made to this article by MSD, which has no impact on the content of the article. This is to ensure all articles remain as relevant as possible to UK Healthcare Professionals.

GB-NON-03372 | Date of Preparation: December 2020